The English Civil War (1642-1651) started when Charles I raised his royal standard in Nottingham. The split between Charles and Parliament was such that neither side was willing to back down over the principles that they held and war was inevitable as a way in which all problems could be solved. The country split into those who supported the King and those who supported Parliament – the classic ingredients for a civil war. This blog will record my wargaming journey through the English Civil War using 28mm miniatures.

Sunday, 15 January 2017

Sir Henry Bard's Regiment of Foote

 
Colours to the rear!!
 
 
Sir Henry Bard's Regiment of Foote was a northern unit, originally called Colonel Thomas Pinchbeck's Regiment of Foote. Raised in Northumberland. It arrived in Oxford in May 1643 under the command of Colonel Thomas Pinchbeck. Half of Pinchbeck's regiment was split from the regiment under Bard's command to form Lord Percey's Foote. Pinchbeck was killed at the first battle of Newbury, and Bard took control of Pinchbeck's half of the regiment, hence the name change. The regiment's first major conflict under its new commanding officer was at Cheriton Wood. It was a disaster; records suggest that a week later the regiment numbered 176 men.

Duke of York’s Regiment of Foote

 
 
Colours to the rear!!
 
 
Raised by the Merchant Adventurers of London, authorized by Parliament, for Lord Kerry for service in Ireland, they were led by their Lieutenant Colonel, William St Leger. They returned to England in 1643 joining Sir William Vavasour’s force opposing Massey at Gloucester. Joining the Oxford Army, they served on the 1644 campaigns and were destroyed at Naseby.

Saturday, 14 January 2017

Prince Rupert's Blew Regiment of Foote

 
 
 
Colours to the rear!!
 
The Regiment was first raised in 1642 in the county of Somerset by Sir Thomas Lunsford, and was known as Sir Thomas Lunsford's Regiment of Foote. Sir Thomas was captured at the Battle of Edgehill and imprisoned until 1644. His brother Colonel Henry Lunsford then took over command of the regiment until his death during the Siege of Bristol in July 1643.

Prince Rupert then assumed command as he had been impressed by the regiment's fighting abilities, and appointed John Russell as Lieutenant Colonel to the regiment. The regiment was part of the army taken north by Prince Rupert to Lancashire where it took part in the relief of Lathom House, the stormings of Bolton and Liverpool and then marched across the Pennines with Rupert to the relief of York. They then fought at the Battle of Marston Moor as part of the Forlorn Hope.

In May 1645 they assembled at Evesham as part of the King's Army and were involved in the storming of Leicester - this is where Rupert's men are referred to as Bluecoats in accounts of the fighting. Two weeks later the Bluecoats formed part of the reserve at the Battle of Naseby where the majority of the regiment were slain. The remnants eventually ended up as part of the garrison of Bristol and were disbanded by the King after Rupert surrendered the city.

Prince Rupert's Blew Regiment of Foote website: http://princerupertsblewcoats.weebly.com


Thursday, 12 January 2017

Lord Hopton’s Regiment of Foote

 
 
 Colours to the rear!!
 
 
 
Ralph Hopton was born at Witham Friary, Somerset, in the second week of March 1596, and baptized on the 13th in the parish church of Evercreech. His parents Robert and Jane had two sons and four daughters, of which Ralph was the eldest. The family was comfortably off, and while they could be described as gentry, were certainly not rich. Grammar school educated (almost certainly King's School, Bruton), he initially started a career in Law by joining the Middle Temple on 14th February 1614, also studying at Lincoln College Oxford. Very quickly it became evident that he was more interested in military affairs, and volunteered to join Sir Horace Vere's expedition fighting for the Protestant cause in the Germanic wars. It was during his time on the continent that he made his famous friendship with William Waller, and also proved his bravery when he helped Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia escape from Prague. Hopton rose through the military ranks, and during periods at home became involved in the Trained Bands, the militia of the days. He married Elizabeth Lewin, widow of Sir Justian Lewin on 18th March 1623, and was made Knight of the Bath at King Charles' coronation on 2nd February 1626 in recognition of his military service.

Lord Hopton's Regiment of Foote website link: http://www.lordhoptonsregiment.co.uk

Sunday, 8 January 2017

The King's Life Guard of Foote

 
 
The regiment certainly distinguished itself at this first major battle of the Civil War, where it fought in Sir Nicholas Byron's tertio (the other regiment of the tertio was the Lord General's Regiment of Foot). After being involved in a firefight and push of pike with the Parliament regiments that opposed them, they were eventually charged by Sir Phillip Stapleton's horse, as well as other horse units. Edmund Ludlow, who belonged to the Earl of Essex's Lifeguard of Horse (a strong troop of cuirassiers), describes an encounter with the King's Lifeguard of Foot: 

"The enemy's body of foot, wherein the King's standard was, came on within musket shot of us; upon which we observing no horse to encounter withal, charged them with some loss from their pikes, though very little from their shot; but no being able to break them we retreated to our former station..."
 

The King's Life Guard of Foote web link: http://www.ecwsa.org/kingslifeguard/

Sunday, 18 December 2016

Sir Charles Gerard’s Regiment of Foote

 
 
 
 
 
Colours to the rear. 

Raised as part of the Earl of Derby’s forces in Lancashire, they then served with the Oxford Army and later under Windebank as the garrison of Bletchington House and under Gerard in South Wales.